Recent events have once again generated some curiosity and interest in the issue of jammu & kashmir basic facts pertaining to this issue are well established however, there has been a concerted dis-information campaign that presents a distorted historical account of the developments that led to the. Often called one of the world's most dangerous flashpoints, kashmir has been at the root of two large-scale wars and one limited conflict between india and pakistan the two countries started a peace process in 2004 that explored options such as increasing trade and greater people-to-people contact across the disputed. The kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between india and pakistan, having started just after the partition of india in 1947 china has at times played a minor role india and pakistan have fought three wars over kashmir, including the indo-pakistani wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the kargil war of 1999. Where is the unrest kashmir valley although thousands of people have died as a result of the turmoil in jammu and kashmir, the conflict has become less deadly in recent years india and pakistan did concur a truce in 2003 following years of conflict along the accepted border (formally known as the line. Beyond some public pronouncements addressing the popular aspirations of the kashmiris, us policy has demonstrated little understanding of the multi-layered and complex nature of the kashmir conflict the jammu and kashmir state, comprising jammu, the valley, and ladakh (on the indian side) and azad kashmir and. Kashmir is on fire again, after militants killed 18 indian soldiers in an early morning raid on sept 18 these five facts explain why the conflict over this long- disputed region between india and pakistan is such a deep-seated problem, and why it's likely to get worse before it gets better 1 clashes over.
The india-pakistan war of 1965 the 1965 war between india and pakistan was the second conflict between the two countries over the status of the state of jammu and kashmir the clash did not resolve this dispute, but it did engage the united states and the soviet union in ways that would have important implications for. The himalayan state of kashmir is the main reason why india and pakistan have remained bitter enemies for most of the seventy or so years since independence. He also suggested paths for moving the conflict toward settlement wajahat habibullah is on leave from his assignment as secretary to the government of india in the department of consumer affairs his deep involvement in kashmir affairs has included a term as vice chair and chief executive of the jammu and kashmir.
The long-standing conflict in and around the regions of jammu and kashmir is rooted in the 1947 division of the sub-continent following colonialism india and pakistan continue to assert claims over its entire territory, and china also holds a large portion of the contested territories tensions and unresolved grievances. This course provides a complete account of the kashmir issue in this lesson you will understand the most important points related to the kashmir issue the kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between india and pakistan, having started just after the partition of india in 1947 china has at times.
The kashmir conflict has radically transformed since its genesis in 1947 when it first became a bone of contention between india and pakistan so, the populace of the indian part of kashmir—known as the jammu and kashmir (j&k) state—has made political demands ranging from affirmative discrimination and a. Great britain's motives in jammu and kashmir the beginning of the kashmir conflict was a tumultuous experience that defined the terms of the crises in its later years struggles in kashmir have been a long, drawn- out debacle of politics , terrorism, and war for the past sixty-three years, india and pakistan have used both. The conflict is too complex for a single map few non-subcontinentals  could tell you more about it than this: kashmir  is disputed between india and pakistan, who each occupy parts of it the standard map of the region the red line is the approximate pre-partition border of the princely state of jammu and kashmir.
Introduction people of jammu and kashmir have been struggling for their right of self-determination from more than six decades the issue of kashmir started just after india‟s independence and the birth of pakistan in 1947 at that time there were around 560 princely states under british india and kashmir was one of them. India, having taken the issue to the un, was confident of winning a plebiscite, since the most influential kashmiri mass leader, sheikh abdullah, was when india began patrolling the kargil heights that summer, it found to its horror that many key posts vacated in the winter were occupied by infiltrators. The princely states had to choose between india or pakistan jammu and kashmir remained independent precipitating the indo-pakistani war of 1947 as both countries fought over its future the first is a tribal pakistani invasion of kashmir, which began on 22 october 1947 after rumors that the maharaja was going to.
Among indian states facing armed militancy, jammu and kashmir has the best development indicators. When did the conflict start two of three wars fought by these bitter regional rivals (in 1947-48 and in 1965) were over kashmir, which is largely muslim india gained control of kashmir through the instrument of accession signed by hari singh, the maharaja of jammu and kashmir, in october 1947 at the. Kashmir has been at the heart of a territorial dispute between india and pakistan since the two nations gained their independence in 1947 both claim kashmir in 1948 the then-ruler of the princely state of jammu and kashmir, maharaja hari singh, who was holding out for independence, acceded to india on condition that. When india and pakistan became separate and independent nations in august of 1947, theoretically they were divided along sectarian lines in the partition of india, hindus were supposed to live in india, while muslims lived in pakistan however, the horrific ethnic cleansing that followed proved that it was.